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May 2023

ASEAN-IGF Minerals Cooperation: Scoping study on critical minerals supply chains in ASEAN

The ongoing energy transition and digital transformation present significant opportunities for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States. These countries produce and
refine large amounts of many critical metals and minerals and are important manufacturing hubs with high potential to further integrate into advanced global supply chains.

The parallel trends present ASEAN countries with a significant two-fold opportunity: expand mining production and integrate and upgrade their critical mineral manufacturing value chains.

This scoping study looks at the implications of the twin energy and digital transitions in the relation to the required critical minerals and metals. Among the key issues explored, the study presents an overview of how critical or strategic minerals can be defined and classified within the context of ASEAN, the wider critical mineral value chains, and policy options to consider.